Part 2: Health apps, wearables, and sensors: The advancing frontier of digital health

去年,中国工商银行的每股盈利为0.77元人民币,低于上一年的0.78元人民币,税前每股分红为0.2333元人民币,低于上一年的0.2554元人民币。
在实验中,参与者们被要求回忆一些他们在实验开始的时候看到的图片,其中,一半参与者在回忆之前进行了举重训练,另一半参与者没有进行这样的高强度活动。他们发现,参与了举重训练的人在记忆能力上有所提高。这项研究实现了运动研究上的独辟蹊径,其他研究的研究对象多是对有氧运动本身,研究时间跨度长达数,但是这项研究的研究对象却是人类记忆,在研究时也仅仅是要求参与者们花一点时间举重而已。研究人员证明了其实提升记忆力并不需要数个小时的锻炼。下次再有谁让你去举重或者去健身馆锻炼的话,你大概会想感谢他一番的吧?
单词property 联想记忆:
Developer:Dontnod Entertainment, Square Enix
对工业大宗商品需求的下降尤为明显。中国房地产和制造业的严重供应过剩在近几个月抑制了对新产能的投资,进而削弱了对各种原材料的需求。
吉尔伯特说:“我们很容易看到,在当下的市场中,领头羊们都处在相当脆弱危险的地位。看看他们在每款新设备上做出创新的速度,我们可以很明显地发现这一点。”
愿新年的烛光带给你祥和与喜悦,祝你新年充满爱。
人事工作类
2014年在职高管100强课程排行榜冠军是由法国巴黎高等商学院(HEC Paris)、伦敦政治经济学院(LSE)和纽约大学斯特恩商学院(Stern School of Business at New York University)三家合办的Trium课程。排行榜前5位继续由洲际EMBA课程把持。
2014年至2016年期间,虽然全球增长数据不错,但全球温室气体排放量持平,所有人都为此欢欣鼓舞。问题是,其原因并非是所有人庆祝的全球经济效率提升,而仅仅是中国北方的经济增长放缓。随着这部分地区在2017年恢复了经济增长势头,二氧化碳排放量开始再次上升。
Unlike MBAs, masters in management are targeted at those at the beginning of their career.
“我们一直用很高的标准要求自己”,库里赛后表示。“我们在第三节没有给他们防守端施加压力,草率地结束了我们的进攻并且给了他们机会。有很多需要我们继续提高的地方,当然,每个人都愿意在赢球的同时接受教训。”
麦高恩早年的成功依靠于发行独立电影,当时她在酒店房间遇到哈维·韦恩斯坦,就是在那间房里遭受了性侵。
[?'din]
报告指出,济南位列榜首的部分原因是该市在进行大规模基础设施建设,如修建地铁和旨在优化雨水利用的其他工程。哈尔滨高峰时段严重拥堵则更多是因为城市规划不合理。
3.Pay no attention to those bow-tied etiquette experts you sometimes see on CNN International, telling you how to behave while in Britain. These people are generally of dubious provenance, normally live in California and tend to peddle advice that is either irrelevant or out of date. For example, they will often say that Britons love queuing and are so fond of apologising that they will often say "sorry" even when something isn't their fault. In reality, Britons are just as likely to jump to the front of a queue and then punch the person behind them for coughing. It all depends on how muggy it is.
我们发展出人工记录声音的技术已经有几十年了,但是人工植入器官在耳朵这一领域没有任何改变。你可能认为生长在头两边的肉块极易替换,因为它们只是皮和软骨,而不是复杂的器官。事实上,科学家在制作假耳上并没有做得非常出色。传统的替代耳朵看起来或感觉起来都像塑料玩具。
与此同时,“全民基本收入”理念的热心支持者将会关注芬兰正在进行的一个试点。在法国,埃马纽埃尔马克龙(Emmanuel Macron)将在2018年审慎拿捏,改革劳动力市场,希望在不加大工人不安全感或激怒工会的情况下注入灵活性。
总的来说,在选择就读EMBA的原因中,创业排在最末(10分中得5.5分)。学员的主要动机是学习管理(9.1分)、拓宽人脉(8.3分)及增加收入(8.1分)。
A fourth terminal has just been completed and is due to open in the second half of 2017.
But the demagogue’s exploitation of such grievances threatens democracy.
The cyclical theory depends on a dearth of new investment creating a supply crunch in two, three or five years. A lot of projects are being postponed but postponement is no more than a signal to project managers to find a way of cutting costs. Many are doing exactly that.
专家还指出,最近几年的人口控制政策的效果已经开始显现出来。
在推特今年转推量最高的10大推文榜中,有3条美国前总统贝拉克·奥巴马的推文,而该国现任总统唐纳德·特朗普的推文却无一上榜。
“Only once before, in 1998, has the new record been greater than the old record by this much,” the administration added.


如果你在工作时间去寻找其他的工作岗位,很明显,你想要辞掉你的工作。去找一份新工作吧,如果找到,就换吧。
圣加伦大学校友在毕业3年后的平均年薪增至10.2万美元,去年这个数字为9万美元。
激情是保持公司策略顺利运行的关键所在。在创业过程中三心二意,将让你失去成功的动力。从长远来看,坚持不懈是推动一切事物发展的唯一保证,不论是个人生活、工作还是运营一家公司。直到晚年,亚伯拉罕o林肯的大多数努力都以失败告终,但他从未放弃。


With the increasing proliferation and sophistication of mobile phones, wearable devices such as smart watches, and sensors that can measure and gather a variety of data, public interest is growing in using consumer electronics to take ownership of personal health and wellness. A 2015 survey found that 66% of Americans age 66 and older want to use mobile technologies to improve their health by receiving medication reminders and tracking diet and nutrition, physical activity, and symptoms.[1

根据美国国会预算办公室(Congressional Budget Office)的数据,税收增加与支出削减将2013年的经济增速拉低了约1.5个百分点。许多预测人士认为,2014年财政因素对经济增速的拖累幅度将是2013年的三分之一或更低。牛津经济研究院(Oxford Economics)的美国经济学家达科(Gregory Daco)称,今年政治方面的确定性更高。
我曾见过的超级优秀的老板们,都对他们的工作极具热情,他们同工作共生活共呼吸,尽最大努力将工作做到最好。与此同时,他们还有工作之外的生活。他们懂得家庭和工作或者玩和工作之间的平衡度。他们为员工们如何做到生活和工作之间平衡做了一个很好的表率。
一种全新的器官被归类了。研究人员同意为肠系膜归类,这种器官显然一直隐藏在我们的消化系统中。但这只是其中的一方面,因为我们还不确定它到底是什么。
n. 能力,容量,容积; 资格,职位

Health apps and wearables
Health apps and wearables can unobtrusively gauge physiological and emotional states and collect, quantify, and monitor data regarding a user’s day-to-day behaviors. This “quantified self” can increase users’ self-awareness regarding their behavior and encourage positive changes to their overall health and well-being.[2] These commercially available devices also integrate an array of features to provide motivation through reward systems, opportunities for social in-teraction, tools for self-improvement, and prompts. The novelty, affordability, practicality, and ease of use have resulted in increased consumer enthusiasm and the pervasiveness of these devices.[3,4] With this growing interest in personal health, members of the general public are becoming more involved in monitoring and improving their own health habits.[5-10

Undoubtedly, merely tracking data through a device is not enough to maintain good health-related behaviors long-term, and the software must also incorporate motivational constructs important for the adoption and habituation of behaviors. For instance, a systematic review of studies that considered the use of electronic activity monitor systems found short-term changes in physical activity with self-monitoring, but no demonstration of superiority when the systems were compared with other interventions.[11] Another review of studies on the viability of using mobile technology for measuring and influencing physical activity found that most apps allow users to document their activity, set goals, review real-time feedback, connect to a social support network, and access online expertise.[12] However, less common among these apps were prompts to act and opportunities for problem solving and action planning, which are crucial constructs that translate intention into long-term behavior change.[13]

Sensor technologies
Sensor technologies have begun to enter the telehealth landscape and are primarily focused on continuous monitoring and precise diagnostics to inform management of various health conditions and diseases.[14-17] Sensors can be integrated into a watch or arm band or adhesive bandages and clothing, and then programmed to collect data on cardiac rhythm, heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, oxygen saturation, galvanic skin response, glucose levels, body temperature, body motions, ambient temperature, and global positioning. For health care providers, sensor inputs can permit remote monitoring, real-time teleconferencing, and timely care for patients with chronic diseases. For both patients and clinicians, telehealth supported by sensors can have profound implications. Clinicians can provide timely and patient-centred care to those living at a distance with chronic disease and can coordinate care when multiple providers are involved, reducing costs to the health care system.

A current clinical example is the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with a mobile ECG and app that monitors the patient’s electrical rhythm to detect frequency and patterns of arrhythmias, and may even allow patients to share ultrasound and electrocardiogram data with their health care provider.[18-20] Telemonitoring with sensors can also support self-management of chronic diseases and detect early signs of deterioration in health requiring immediate treatment and advice.[21] Studies to date have demonstrated some clinical promise for the use of home telemonitoring in the context of heart failure and diabetes. A recent Cochrane review found that telemonitoring was an effective way to lower levels of glycated hemoglobin and low-density lipoprotein.[22] Although several studies on heart failure have produced conflicting results regarding the overall benefits of home monitoring,[23-26] systematic reviews have suggested that home telemonitoring reduces all-cause mortality and hospitalizations, and improves quality of life compared with usual care.[22,27] In addition, features such as automated and mobile telemonitoring appear to be more effective compared with other forms of home telemonitoring.[27]

Further studies are needed to determine how home health monitoring can improve patient safety during the transition from acute care to community care, and to examine the impact of home monitoring on health care costs. TEC4Home (Telehealth for Emergency-Community Continuity of Care Connectivity via Home Tele-monitoring), an initiative of the University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health, is seeking to do this with prospective trials designed to uncover how telemonitoring can support the safety of heart failure patients discharged from hospital to home.[28]

Mobile apps, wearables, and sensors in the clinical setting
Even though mobile apps, wearables, and sensor technologies are promising, further research is needed to validate their use and long-term impact.[29] This research will require the collaboration of clinicians, health researchers, engineers, and computer scientists.[30] Understanding the possible risks of using these technologies, from physiological harm to breaching of privacy and confidentiality with insecure devices, and how to mitigate any risks is also important. Other important issues to consider include patient anxiety with overuse of technologies, health data piracy, self-diagnosis resulting from overreliance on self-monitoring, and patients not seeking help appropriately. These technologies should be used only as complementary tools in the treatment and prevention of health conditions and disease and should not be used in isolation by patients who self-diagnose and self-manage without consulting a health professional. 

Richard Waters

Instant Heart Rate by Azumio.[31] A free app downloadable to both Apple and Android operating systems that measures heart rate and displays a monitoring strip. As well as helping users accurately track their heart rates, the app is capable of detecting irregular rhythms when palpitations occur. 

Sleep Time by Azumio.[32] A free app that monitors sleep patterns, sleep efficiency, and also acts as an alarm clock. Users can know how often they go into light and deep sleep, and recognize how much of these types of sleep will be necessary for them to feel rested, thereby quantifying the amount of true sleep they need and not just how long they should stay in bed. 

Bellybio Interactive Breating by RelaxLine.[33] A free app that helps users pace their breathing to achieve calmness. Placing the mobile phone against the abdomen, users can follow the sounds emitted to practise deep, abdominal breathing using this simple yet surprisingly effective tool. 

Foreign property investment by Chinese companies plunged by 84 per cent last month, as Beijing’s capital controls choked off the flow of foreign acquisitions.
进口价值的增长是在强势美元推高进口商成本的情况下实现的。11月份以人民币计算的进口增长幅度则为同比增长13%,反映了人民币的相对弱势。

The nations of the world have agreed to try to limit the warming to 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, which would require that emissions slow down and then largely stop in the next 30 years or so. If they continue on their present course through the century, scientists say, the earth could warm by as much as 10 degrees Fahrenheit above the preindustrial level, which would likely be incompatible with human civilization in its current form.
其中一本被标上"M3"的坟墓里包含有神兽的雕刻,其中有四只代表一年四季以及天堂的各个部分:西边的白虎,南边的朱红鸟,北边的黑龟,东边的青龙。
The Portuguese school has risen 31 places over the past two years since its International Master in Management course was first included in the ranking.
尽管销量大幅增长让人欢欣雀跃,但它并不是汽车业今年最重大的新闻。底特律先是因为通用汽车公司(General Motors)提拔玛丽?芭拉出任汽车业首位女性首席执行官而欢欣鼓舞;紧接着,福特汽车(Ford)首席执行官艾伦?穆拉利在重回波音公司还是加入微软公司(Microsoft)两者间犹豫不决之际,它又紧张得大气都不敢喘。传统的三巨头抱怨现有产能已挖掘到极限,开始制订扩张和聘用新人的计划。特斯拉公司(Tesla)让电动汽车的销量火了一把,而且不肯按行规出牌;而同时谷歌公司(Google)则在自动汽车研制上一马当先。
adj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的
The auction house said today that the auction, featuring two diamonds over 100 carats, drew buyers from more than 30 countries.

Discernment to determine whether a particular app, wearable, or sensor can be effective.
Expertise and experience to guide patients on the use of technology.
Partnership with patients in pursuit of optimal health through technology use.
Trials to closely monitor benefits and drawbacks.
Humility to recognize that patients may know and invest much more time than physicians in looking for these tools.34

Conclusions
Based on today’s rapid pace of development and public enthusiasm for the technology marketplace, health apps, wearables, and sensors will soon become integral to our patients’ pursuits of good health and will need to be integrated in clinical practice. Physicians must be active agents in these evolutionary times, guiding patients, advocating for evidence to support the use of technologies, and participating in the development and incorporation of technology in patient wellness journeys. Through clinical stewardship and partnership with patients, physicians can use their expertise and experience to guide the growth of innovations into mainstream health care.

Competing interests
Dr Ho receives no personal financial compensation as the principal investigator of TEC4Home (Telehealth for Emergency-Community Continuity of Care Connectivity via Home Tele-monitoring), a project funded by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research grant. This grant is matched by the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research and the BC Ministry of Health, with additional support provided by TELUS Health and Sentrian. TELUS Health, Cisco, and Avizia have also provided equipment for display in Dr Ho’s Demonstration and Simulation Studio for Health (DaSSH) at UBC. Mr Yao and Dr Lauscher have no competing interests to declare.


侠客岛丨下半年经济形势怎样?读懂31日的政治局会议是关键


References

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13. Rhodes RE, Yao CA. Models accounting for intention-behavior discordance in the physical activity domain: A user’s guide, content overview, and review of current evidence. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2015;12:1-14.

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15. Appelboom G, Camacho E, Abraham ME, et al. Smart wearable body sensors for patient self-assessment and monitoring. Arch Public Health 2014;72:28.

16. Chan M, Estève D, Fourniols JY, et al. Smart wearable systems: Current status and future challenges. Artif Intell Med 2012;56:137-156.

17. Alemdar H, Ersoy C. Wireless sensor networks for healthcare: A survey. Comput Networks 2010;54:2688-2710.

18. Haberman ZC, Jahn RT, Bose R, et al. Wireless smartphone ECG enables large-scale screening in diverse populations. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2015;26:520-526.

19. Ferdman DJ, Liberman L, Silver ES. A smartphone application to diagnose the mechanism of pediatric supraventricular tachycardia. Pediatr Cardiol 2015;36:1452-1457.

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21. Wootton R. Twenty years of telemedicine in chronic disease management—An evidence synthesis. J Telemed Telecare 2012;18:211-220.

22. Flodgren G, Rachas A, Farmer A, et al. Interactive telemedicine: Effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database System Rev 2015;(9):CD002098.

23. Mortara A, Pinna GD, Johnson P, et al. Home telemonitoring in heart failure patients: The HHH study (Home or Hospital in Heart Failure). Eur J Heart Fail 2009;11:312-318.

24. Dar O, Riley J, Chapman C, et al. A randomized trial of home telemonitoring in a typical elderly heart failure population in North West London: Results of the Home-HF study. Eur J Heart Fail 2009;11:319-325.

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26. Koehler F, Winkler S, Schieber M, et al. Impact of remote telemedical management on mortality and hospitalizations in ambulatory patients with chronic heart failure: The Telemedical Interventional Monitoring in Heart Failure study. Circulation 2011;123:1873-1880.

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32. Azumio Inc. Sleep time. Accessed 28 August 2017. www.azumio.com/s/sleeptime/index.html. 

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在定制课程排行榜上,排在第二名瑞士洛桑国际管理发展学院之后的是杜克企业教育学院(Duke Corporate Education)。这是这所美国学校连续第3年位列第三。该校在2014年连续第12年占据定制课程排行榜榜首位置,创下纪录。
今年由美国电影学会的电影评审总监是Tom Pollock,担任电视剧评审总监的是Richard Frank。评审团的其他成员还包括Judd Apatow, Halle Berry, Jamie Lee Curtis, Leonard Maltin,来自知名大学的著作家,学者,公认的电影艺术家,还有像媒体NPR,Rolling Stone, TV Guide, 华盛顿邮报对于电视电影的评论家们。
课程安排:为期一周的课前培训后,学员在每周末的星期五和星期六交替上课,周五晚提供住宿。最后一个学期需住校学习两周,其余时间在线完成学习任务。
3. “Bridge of Spies” Years ago, Steven Spielberg entered the ranks of Pantheon Directors, to borrow the most exalted category in Andrew Sarris’s taxonomic “The American Cinema” — and there he remains.
Usain Bolt was the most searched-for non-UK Olympian.
上月越南主席张晋创对中国进行国访,会见中国主席习近平。但中越双方并未就跨境贸易达成一致。
最近的一个例子是:当格温o史蒂芬尼发布新专辑《 Spark the Fire》时,Swyft公司即时设计了一个免费贴纸包,在自己的几个短信应用中推出。它被下载了近一百万次,并在用户中传送了七百万次,最后在10天内被观看了4100万次。雷表示,对任何品牌来说,要在其他渠道达到这样的广告效果,需要花上5万到25万美元。
这种成功的感觉本身也可以带来一种身份认同。
该调查讨论了对未来的预测:"生活成本总是变化的,来年将发生的变化已经有了迹象。"
n. 隧道,地道

Kendall Ho, MD, FRCPC, Christopher Yao, MSc, Helen Novak Lauscher, PhD. Part 2: Health apps, wearables, and sensors: The advancing frontier of digital health. BCMJ, Vol. 59, No. 10, December, 2017, Page(s) 503-506 - Clinical Articles.



Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

About the ICMJE and citation styles

The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the 单词channel 联想记忆: to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.

2.Nobody here can answer any questions you have about fencing. Google it.
adj. 粗糙的,粗略的,粗暴的,艰难的,讨厌的,不适的
哈佛大学连续16年位居榜首,斯坦福大学和剑桥大学仍分别位列第二、第三名。
n. 运输、运输工具;(常用复数)强烈的情绪(狂喜或狂怒

They come mostly from 50 different industries including food and beverage, automobiles and auto components, media, retail, energy and the Internet.

  • Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
  • 限购松绑50天调查 地方楼市或存假回暖
  • 外媒称三四线城市去库存难:年轻人都去了大城市


Best chances: A best film nomination looks certain. Darkest Hour's Gary Oldman is the favorite for best actor, but if anyone can beat him it's probably Chalamet.
“Why did this happen to my daughter?” she said. “There’s been so many deaths because of the guns. I don’t know how many people have to die.”

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